Miracle Fruit: the red berries of Synsepalum dulcificum, a plant native to West Africa. The fruit is noteworthy for its ability to modify taste perceptions. For several hours after eating a...

Curcuminoids: the brilliant yellow orange pigments (curcumin, the methoxycurcumin, bisdemethoxy curcumin) extracted from the root of turmeric (Curcuma longa) with potent free radical scavenging, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, detoxifying properties. Long used in...

Excitotoxins: any of a series of chemicals added to processed food suspected of inciting genetic changes to the brain. Some of these changes are irreversible and may result in learning and...

Maillard compounds: complex molecules formed by the union of sugars and amino acids. They occur naturally in small amounts in food and in the human body, increasing in abundance as we...

Homo erectus: the ancient ancestor of man who appeared between 1.9 and 1.8 million years ago with a physical structure from the neck down that was nearly identical to that of...